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What is Business Valuation?

Business valuation is a set of processes and steps that help to assess and arrive at the worth of a business. In other words, valuing a company refers to the processes adopted to set an objective and fair price for a company in a financial market. 

The Need for Company Valuation

Company valuations are undertaken under different contexts. There are many situations that may drive a business owner or management to step back and assess what the firm may be worth. For instance, if you are a business owner, you may do a valuation if:


  • You want to sell your business. In this case, you are trying to arrive at the expected selling price for your business in the market.
  • You plan to approach external investors such as debt or equity finance for support, and they may want to know if your company has adequate worth. 
  • There is a need to set your company's share value since you may add more shareholders.

Methods of Business Valuation

Fundamentally, there are three different methods that are used to arrive at a value for a business.

1. Asset valuation methods

This approach is used when a company's valuation is based on the value of the assets owned by the firm. There are two ways to do this. A going-concern asset valuation method makes a list of the net value of company assets and deducts the liabilities from the same. Another approach is the liquidation asset-based approach where a value is arrived at, by determining the net cash receivable if the company's assets were to be sold and liabilities paid off.

2. Income approach or earning value approach

In some cases, a company valuation is done by arriving at the future wealth that a company is expected to generate in a projection period. This method also factors in the potential risks of non-performance that may deter the company from earning the projected income levels.

3. Market value approach

As the name suggests, this model derives your company's worth based on the market trends. This means that your company's value will be based on how businesses that were recently sold were evaluated. In other words, the method takes the 'going rate' of similar businesses that sold, to arrive at your own price. In a market where you may not have many peers or sales to match, this will not be a popular valuation method.

Outsourcing your Company Valuation

You need external help to arrive at a fair valuation for your business, simply because a business owner or an in-house team of the company will not be able to take a detached, objective analysis of what his or her company is worth. A certified chartered account with specialized skill in valuation can help you with your company valuation.

If you are looking for tax consultants in Bangalore for business valuation services, get in touch with us today.